ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE & LAW: A PROPITIOUS MIXTURE
To ease the way we conduct our day to day activities, new technologies are innovated and incorporated in the routine. Artificial intelligence is one such innovation which has drastically impacted the functional ecosystem of society. AI is basically a machine that can actually think on its own. The cognitive ability of a machine to react is as surreal and groundbreaking in application as it sounds.
Tech-savvy lawyers are shifting their attention towards AI expertise and legal tools for efficiently filtering and structuring legal assertions. Extensive research has revealed that existing tools in legal domain are incapable of coping up with its complex nature. The legal profession’s highly convoluted nature entails AI reasoning, learning and demonstration in negotiation, decision-making, data extraction, processing and retrieval process and e-commerce.
Practically, robots are unlikely to replace a lawyer’s role in court, but AI robots have the power to create and draft documents. Therefore, clerical role of lawyers might be reduced to a large extent. Appearing and arguing case before judges might be the only role lawyers play. However, there are positive signs that a combination of technological advance and market forces may push the law firms and make them step into the AI stage. Technology has the potential to race to the future at god-speed, if given the right direction that will simultaneously increase productivity.
IBM’s AI Ross manages many legal practices worldwide. Law firms have employed the software on a permanent basis to handle specific contracts and legal subjects. It is based on IBM’s Watson, which has the capability of gaining knowledge about humans by noticing their interactions, experiences and perceptions. The software has been fed with algorithms that allow it to interact cognitively with humans.
However, India’s stance on AI is relatively on an infant stage. India is gradually moving towards AI, however there is still scope for advancement in application of AI in the Indian legal industry. Independently, privately as well as organisations run by government are researching and developing new techniques to ease the functioning of law.
The Artificial Intelligence Association of India (AIAI), founded in the year 2009, is one such not-for-profit organisation devoted to developments in AI. Indian industries are yet new to the concept of AI as compared to its western counterparts. There is a long way to go for the country to realize the full potential and impact that AI can have on increasing the efficiency of different fields including the legal industry.